By Richard Lehan
Early modernists grew to become to theories of recognition and aestheticism to strive against what they observed because the hostility of naturalism and to discover new methods of pondering fact. This awareness took quite a few types, together with a Jamesian feel of ethical ambiguity, Proustian time spots, and B ergsonian instinct, however the Nietzschean idea that truth depends upon conception attached all of them. This modernist flow reached a exclusive point of feat with novelists Thomas Mann, Marcel Proust, and James Joyce, yet a succession of counterinfluences remodeled it after international battle II, whilst elitism and a hope for a homogeneous tradition gave approach to variety and parts of mass tradition. In Literary Modernism and past, Richard Lehan tracks the evolution of the circulate from its emergence within the overdue 19th century to its fresh incarnations.
In this wide-ranging learn, Lehan demonstrates how and why the "originary vision" of modernism replaced significantly after it received prominence. With severe discussions on a wide selection of significant modernist writers, intellectuals, and artists and their works -- together with Virginia Woolf, Gertrude Stein, T. S. Eliot, Wallace Stevens, Andre Gide, Franz Kafka, Zora Neale Hurston, Ian Fleming, and J. ok. Rowling -- Lehan examines the large-scale adjustments that got here as serious authority moved from one iteration to a different. either pop culture and literary feedback -- in particular "critical theory" -- acted as key brokers of swap, and structuralism, poststructuralism, and issues with gender and race additionally vastly stimulated the circulate. in addition to a strategy of decline and a nihilism that emerged from the modernist circulate, those alterations created a brand new literary fact and with it a brand new textuality.
Literary Modernism and past treats modernism's significant recommendations of fantasy, image, and constitution no longer as person items yet as interrelated contributions to a ancient strategy, the made of 3 generations of changes. Lehan's research presents a extra whole knowing than ever earlier than of the stream itself.
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Additional resources for Literary Modernism and Beyond: The Extended Vision and the Realms of the Text
A poet such as Ezra Pound has been associated with both traditions, and recent criticism has tried to reconcile the anti-aesthetic tradition with high modernism. In the same year as the Armory Show, Igor Stravinsky’s revolutionary The Rite of Spring was performed. Slightly earlier, around 1908, Picasso developed cubism, a new way of seeing in layered or multiple dimensions, and between “Perspectivism” 25 1910 and 1912 Wassily Kandinsky moved to abstract painting. In 1914, Gertrude Stein published Tender Buttons, which was directly influenced by cubism.
Marinetti promulgated the idea of a new art based on the beauty of speed (the automobile was the new god) and the glory of war. ” The futurists praised technology for making the modern world possible and attacked those who enjoyed the advantages of modernism while denouncing the means that made such benefits available. The futurists celebrated dynamism, energy, and the power of the machine. They rejected the agrarian past for the urban future, welcoming the restlessness of modern life, especially in the city.
An imaginative adolescent invented a romanticized image of self (Fitzgerald’s Gatsby). The past informed with the emotion of the present created a state of mind that gave new meaning to physical reality (Proust’s time spots). A different artist’s perspective (that of Nathanael West’s Tod Hackett) saw the frustrations of the crowd degenerate into a riot, a condition intensified by a sense of Western historical decline. 24 Literary Modernism and Beyond In its origins, modernism was rejected by and in turn rejected middleclass values.
Literary Modernism and Beyond: The Extended Vision and the Realms of the Text by Richard Lehan