By Czeslaw Tubilewicz
This informative and updated textual content takes a multidisciplinary process in analyzing modern China. It offers scholars with a entire research of some of the social, political and monetary problems that China faces because it enters the twenty-first century. The chapters hide key concerns together with: serious advancements in chinese language politics asymmetric monetary improvement privatization in China environmental difficulties demography and nutrients creation ethnic minorities cross-strait kin socio-cultural concerns. serious matters in modern China displays the numerous contemporary reforms in China and should equip the undergraduate with the analytical abilities they should learn the severe matters surrounding China from contending views.
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Additional info for Criticial Issues in Contemporary China
The government or the administrative arm is placed under the leadership of the ruling CCP and executes its decisions and policies. Since the establishment of the PRC, the CCP has systematically penetrated the government to assure complete political control at all levels. Kenneth Lieberthal (2004: 233–40) has identified several measures that the CCP has used to control government: 1 2 3 4 5 nomenklatura: a patronage system borrowed from the former Soviet Union for senior cadres that allows the Party to control their career moves; interlocking directorates: this involves key Party officials holding concurrent government appointments.
Since the founding of the PRC, the CMC chairmen have been Mao Zedong, Hua Guofeng, Deng Xiaoping, and Jiang Zemin. Currently, the Chairman is Hu Jintao. Deng Xiaoping did not follow Mao’s high-profile practice of naming successors. Instead, he carefully groomed the ‘third echelon’ (disan tidui) leadership. This third generation of Chinese leaders was meant to succeed the two previous generations (Mao Zedong being the first generation, and Deng Xiaoping the second). As Deng receded from direct leaderhip roles, he played the role of the patriarch and provided behind-the-stage support for his groomed leaders.
Selden (eds), Chinese Society: Change, Conflict and Resistance, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 1–19. Schram, S. (1989) The Thought of Mao Tse-Tung, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sheridan, J. E. (1975) China in Disintegration: The Republican Era in Chinese History, 1912– 1949, New York: Free Press. Smil, V. (1993) China’s Environmental Crisis: An Inquiry into the Limits of National Development, Armonk and London: M. E. Sharpe. Waldron, A. (1995) ‘After Deng the Deluge: China’s Next Leap Forward’, Foreign Affairs 74/5 (September–October): 148–53.
Criticial Issues in Contemporary China by Czeslaw Tubilewicz