By S. V. Adamenko (auth.), Stanislav Adamenko, Franco Selleri, Alwyn van der Merwe (eds.)
This e-book ushers in a brand new period of experimental and theoretical investigations into collective approaches, constitution formation, and self-organization of nuclear subject. It reviews the result of experiments in which for the 1st time the nuclei constituting our international (those displayed in Mendeleev's desk in addition to the super-heavy ones) were artificially created. Pioneering breakthroughs are defined, accomplished on the "Proton-21" Laboratory, Kiev, Ukraine, in a number of new actual and technological directions.
A exact description of the most experiments, their analyses, and the translation of copious experimental info are given, besides the method governing key measurements and the processing algorithms of the information that empirically verify the incidence of macroscopic self-organizing techniques resulting in the nuclear modifications of assorted fabrics. the fundamental options underlying the initiation of self-sustaining collective techniques that lead to the formation of nuclear constructions also are examined.
How to achieve nucleosynthesis of strong nuclei within the laboratory? Why are steel meteorites of iron or nickel-iron? may perhaps the iron be nuclear gasoline and will an iron megastar blow up as a supernova? And what may be the strength resource of such an explosion? Is it attainable to acquire nuclear power from any terrestrial substance with no generating radioactivity? Do super-heavy (Migdal's) nuclei exist, and is it attainable to synthesize them within the laboratory? What actual mechanisms may well one use to manage nuclear alterations and especially the signal of the final power stability involved?
Answers to those and different interesting questions are to be present in this book.
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Additional info for Controlled Nucleosynthesis: Breakthroughs in Experiment and Theory
A fundamental distinctive feature of the proposed new approach toward the synthesis is the search for and the selection of such a mechanism of initiating the self-sustaining and self-consistent process using the criterion of optimality of the process of transition of the dynamic system (ensemble of interacting particles) from the initial state/conﬁguration into a new state/conﬁguration being “energy-eﬃcient” not only at the ﬁnal point, but also integrally over the whole duration of the transient process.
Development of an instability in plasma waves (while a nonlinear wave of density exists) and the emergence of a double-layer-like plasmaﬁeld structure in the collapsing wave volume with extreme radial ﬁeld intensity in this self-organizing spherical “virtual capacitor”. • Criticality reached by the following parameters of matter both in the wave volume and on its leading edge: – extreme density – full ionization (its degree to become equal to Z) – pulsed coherent superacceleration of particles in the next spherical layer that is involved in the interaction with the steep leading edge of the density wave that runs onto that layer • The transition of the macroscopic ensemble of particles of the wave in a strongly correlated state in the subspace of the angular spherical coordinates of the incident shell and, simultaneously, in a quasicoherent 42 S.
That motion is accompanied by the avalanche-like steepening of the front edge (decrease of its spatial length), and the quasi-isoentropic increase in the density of energy and matter, as well as in the degree of ionization at the leading edge of the wave. • Development of an instability in plasma waves (while a nonlinear wave of density exists) and the emergence of a double-layer-like plasmaﬁeld structure in the collapsing wave volume with extreme radial ﬁeld intensity in this self-organizing spherical “virtual capacitor”.
Controlled Nucleosynthesis: Breakthroughs in Experiment and Theory by S. V. Adamenko (auth.), Stanislav Adamenko, Franco Selleri, Alwyn van der Merwe (eds.)