By Huiyun Feng
Reading the key educational and coverage debates over China’s upward thrust and comparable coverage matters, this ebook seems to be into the motivations and intentions of a emerging China. many of the scholarly works on China’s upward thrust procedure the query at a structural point through taking a look at the foreign procedure and the systemic influence on China’s overseas coverage. conventional Realist theorists outline China as a revisionist energy wanting to tackle wrongs performed to them in historical past, when a few cultural and historic analyses attest that China’s strategic tradition has been offensive regardless of its susceptible fabric strength. Huiyun Feng’s path-breaking contribution to the talk assessments those rival hypotheses by way of interpreting systematically the ideals of up to date chinese language leaders and their strategic interactions with different states seeing that 1949 whilst the communist regime got here to energy. the point of interest is on tracing the historic roots of chinese language strategic tradition and its hyperlinks to the decision-making of six key chinese language leaders through their trust structures. chinese language Strategic tradition may be of curiosity to scholars of chinese language politics, international coverage, strategic idea and diplomacy as a rule.
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Additional info for Chinese Strategic Culture and Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Confucianism, Leadership and War (Asian Security Studies)
A rising state does not equal a revisionist state. It must have motivations to challenge the old system for unrealized interests. Therefore, a revisionist state’s leaders must possess a high need for power and achievement. They will prefer and be more ready to use conflictual means, strategies, and tactics and will not easily give up their goals (change the system) or shift their propensities for aggressive strategies and tactics, and will take any opportunity possible. Revisionist states are willing to provoke conflict to increase their power or achieve their goals only when they have leaders with revisionist beliefs.
26 However, the emphasis on peace and peaceful means does not rule out the possibility of punitive expeditions, although the first preference is effective 20 C H I N A’ S S T R AT E G I C C U LT U R E A N D WA R 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 2 3 44111 border defense. 27 Mencius argued that “to seek domination by force will simply turn the world against you”28 because that will be against the virtue and the will of the people (mandate from heaven).
For Johnston, strategic culture is a causal factor in a state’s strategic behavior. Specific cases are only for testing this assumed universal strategic cultural impact. ”112 Therefore, in his argument Chinese strategic culture is not unique but, rather, in line with common Western realpolitik practice. These attempts at developing a theory of strategic culture have been criticized on several grounds. First, as a general cultural construct, it is extremely difficult to operationalize or measure scientifically.
Chinese Strategic Culture and Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Confucianism, Leadership and War (Asian Security Studies) by Huiyun Feng