Download PDF by Liang-Fu Zhou, Guohua Xi, Xian-Cheng Chen, Richard F. Keep,: Cerebral Hemorrhage

By Liang-Fu Zhou, Guohua Xi, Xian-Cheng Chen, Richard F. Keep, Feng-Ping Huang, Ya Hua, Yi-Cheng Lu, Karin Muraszko

ISBN-10: 3211094687

ISBN-13: 9783211094686

ISBN-10: 3211094695

ISBN-13: 9783211094693

Cerebral hemorrhage is a standard and infrequently deadly subtype of stroke. whereas long ago it has obtained quite little consciousness in comparison to ischemic stroke, there were significant advances in our knowing of this devastating kind of stroke. The papers by means of international specialists conceal the sphere from molecular biology to scientific trials.

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Rat studies have shown up to a 3-fold increase in brain non-heme iron [2, 17] with a concurrent increase in ferritin [2, 6, 15]. Iron toxicity is largely based on Fenton chemistry, where iron reacts with reactive oxygen intermediates, including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the superoxide anion (OÀ 2 ) – both byproducts of aerobic metabolism – to produce highly reactive free radical species such as the hydroxyl radical (OH). The overwhelming production of free radicals, as well as lipid peroxidation induced by hemoglobin itself and its breakdown product, iron, which includes ROS and RNS, results in tissue damage, lipid peroxidation of cell membranes, and protein oxidation.

An additional group of ICH rats received a combination of PC-SOD (1 mg=kg) and PEG-CAT (10,000 U=kg). ICH was induced by collagenase injection. All drugs were administered intravenously immediately after ICH induction. Brain injury was evaluated by scoring neurological function and measuring brain edema at 24 h after ICH induction. Our results demonstrated that ICH caused significant neurological deficit associated with remarkable brain edema. Treatment with PCSOD, PEG-CAT, or PC-SOD in combination with PEG-CAT did not reduce brain edema or neurological deficit after ICH.

Koeppen AH (1995) The history of iron in the brain. J Neurol Sci 134(Suppl): 1–9 7. Lenzser G, Kis B, Snipes JA, Ga´spa´r T, Sa´ndor P, Komja´ti K, Szabo C, Busija DW (2007) Contribution of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase to postischemic blood–brain barrier damage in rats. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 27:1318–1326 8. Nakamura T, Keep RF, Hua Y, Schallert T, Hoff JT, Xi G (2004) Deferoxamine-induced attenuation of brain edema and neurological deficits in a rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage. J Neurosurg 100: 672–678 9.

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Cerebral Hemorrhage by Liang-Fu Zhou, Guohua Xi, Xian-Cheng Chen, Richard F. Keep, Feng-Ping Huang, Ya Hua, Yi-Cheng Lu, Karin Muraszko

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