By Robert Arp
In the period of "big data," technological know-how is more and more details pushed, and the potential of pcs to shop, deal with, and combine significant quantities of knowledge has given upward push to such new disciplinary fields as biomedical informatics. utilized ontology deals a method for the association of medical info in computer-tractable shape, drawing on options not just from machine and data technological know-how but in addition from linguistics, common sense, and philosophy. This ebook presents an advent to the sector of utilized ontology that's of specific relevance to biomedicine, overlaying theoretical parts of ontologies, most sensible practices for ontology layout, and examples of biomedical ontologies in use.
After defining an ontology as a illustration of the categories of entities in a given area, the ebook distinguishes among other forms of ontologies and taxonomies, and exhibits how utilized ontology attracts on extra conventional rules from metaphysics. It provides the center positive factors of the fundamental Formal Ontology (BFO), now utilized by over 100 ontology tasks around the globe, and gives examples of area ontologies that make the most of BFO. The e-book additionally describes net Ontology Language (OWL), a standard framework for Semantic net applied sciences. all through, the booklet offers concrete thoughts for the layout and development of area ontologies.
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Extra resources for Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology
3. Is the general term in question logically nondecomposable into simpler general terms, as contrasted, for example, with a general term such as “either female or carrying an umbrella”)? 4. Is the general term in question, or some synonym thereof, used in the formulation of multiple scientiﬁc laws? 5. If the term is composed of other terms, are all of these themselves general terms? If yes, do these general terms (or their ultimate general-term constituents) yield positive answers to the other questions on this list?
For now, what is important is that there are different kinds of relations, some of which hold among universals, and that fully understanding a given scientific domain requires not only knowing what universals exist in that domain, but also what kinds of relations hold between them. Conclusion By now, the import of our definition of an ontology—a representational artifact, comprising a taxonomy as proper part, whose representations are intended to designate some combination of universals, defined classes, and certain relations between them— should be clear.
It is not assigned to the concept of France (whatever that might be). The Concept Orientation We do not deny that mental representations have a role to play in the world of ontologies. When, for example, human biocurators use an ontology to tag data or literature or museum catalogs, then they will have certain thoughts or images in their minds. And if “concept” is used to refer to their understanding of the meanings of the terms they are using, then they can also be said to have concepts in their minds.
Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology by Robert Arp