By Sandra Lapointe (auth.)
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Extra resources for Bolzano’s Theoretical Philosophy: An Introduction
Cf. e. of the form ‘Something which has b’ where ‘which has’ is a name-forming operator (cf. ). If, for instance, the subject-idea ‘A’ of a proposition ‘A has b’ is complex, Bolzano proposes that we analyse it according to the following pattern: ‘Something which has a, has b’, and so forth. (Cf. ) • A property-idea, if it is complex, is typically “conjunctive”. Such is the predicate-idea ‘b, b , b ’ in ‘A which has b, b , b ’. (Cf. ) Furthermore, as we have already discussed, Bolzano makes use of what he calls “determinations” in order to specify the conditions under which a sentence utterance is true immutably.
G. the propositions: ‘A bushel of grain costs 2 talers”, or ‘It is snowing’ and so on, express a passing relation (taking place only at a given time in a given place). Hence in order to be true, they require the addition of the corresponding temporal (and likewise locative) determinations. (1837, §25, 112) The idea that different kinds of “determinations” (Bestimmungen) must be added to sentences follows from the idea that all sentence utterances express a proposition which is “immutably” or “eternally” true (or false).
The idea that in order to understand a concept one needs to decompose it is most eminently associated with Kant’s views on analyticity. The problem as Kant conceives of it bears on the conditions under which a judgement is warranted, that is, the conditions under which it can be said to have the status of knowledge. As Kant puts it, what needs to be established is what guarantees the “connection” between the concepts in a judgement. When Kant spoke of the “connection” between concepts in a judgement, the issue he was considering was not syntactic and did not concern the question whether a given expression or judgement is well formed or not.
Bolzano’s Theoretical Philosophy: An Introduction by Sandra Lapointe (auth.)