By Thomas de Waal
Selection impressive educational identify 2003Black backyard is the definitive examine of the way Armenia and Azerbaijan, southern Soviet republics, obtained sucked right into a clash that helped carry them to independence, bringing to an finish the Soviet Union, and plaguing a sector of significant strategic value. It cuts among a cautious reconstruction of the historical past of Nagorny Karabakh clash in view that 1988 and on-the-spot reporting on its convoluted aftermath. half modern heritage, half shuttle e-book, half political research, the booklet relies on six months touring in the course of the south Caucasus, greater than a hundred and twenty unique interviews within the area, Moscow, and Washington, and certain basic assets, resembling Politburo files. The historic chapters hint how the clash lay unresolved within the Soviet period; how Armenian and Azerbaijani leaders exacerbated it; how the Politiburo did not focus on the main issue; how the conflict begun and ended; how the overseas neighborhood didn't tackle the clash. What emerges is a posh and refined portrait of a pretty and engaging zone, blighted via old prejudice and clash.
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Additional resources for Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War
And he even procured weap ons. Muradian said that the activists received a ﬁrst consignment of small arms from abroad in the summer of 1986 with the help of the Dashnaks. ” Most of these weap ons went straight on to Nagorny Karabakh: “All the organizations in Karabakh were armed. ” This extraordinary admission conﬁrms that one Armenian activist at least fully expected that the dis pute could turn into an armed conﬂict. INTERCOMMUNAL TENSIONS The beginnings of the modern “Karabakh dispute” between Armenia and Azerbaijan are usually dated to February 1988.
The document shows the leaders of the Soviet Union struggling to deal with an unprecedented situation: [DMITRY] YAZOV [DEFENSE MINISTER]: But Mikhail Sergeyevich [Gorbachev], in Sumgait we have to bring in, if you want— it may not be the word—but martial law. GORBACHEV: A curfew. YAZOV: We have to pursue this line ﬁrmly, Mikhail Sergeye vich, to stop it getting out of hand. We have to send in troops and restore order. After all, this is an isolated place and not Armenia with millions of people.
His abrasive approach to problem solving was controversial but possibly what was needed in this situation. ”4 That night Musayev and his Party Committee decided to restrict outsiders’ access into Baku. People’s volunteer groups were formed and patrolled the streets with wooden staves, keeping a careful watch on the Armenian quarter. 5 Yet, arguably, Musayev had only moved the trouble on to the town of Sumgait, twenty miles away. As one of his precautionary measures, he restricted the access of the thousands of workers who traveled from Sumgait to work in Baku every day, and he sent the Azer baijani refugees from Armenia on to two villages, Fatmai and Sarai, on the edge of Sumgait.
Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War by Thomas de Waal