By Andrew Collier
Being and value extends fresh depth-realist philosophy to the query of values. It argues that beings either within the ordinary and human worlds have worthy in themselves, even if we recognize it or now not. This view is defended via and account of the human brain as primarily concerned about that of which it's autonomous. Conclusions persist with either for environmental ethics - that average beings may be valued for themselves, not only for their use to us - and for justice within the human global, established at the concept that people are targeted and equivalent in appreciate of 'having a lifestyles to live'.
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Additional info for Being and Worth (Critical Realism, Interventions)
It certainly doesn’t make our love in any way false or ‘second hand’. But it does mean that even so intimate a firsthand experience is preceded and conditioned by second-hand experience. This can be generalised: for every individual and in every respect, second-hand experience precedes and conditions first-hand experience. The work of intellect, as the agency for fulfilling the norm implicit in reason, is to bring as much as possible of this mass of pre-reflective ideas into conformity with the truth about the beings of which they are ideas, thereby transforming the emotions in which those ideas inhere.
In the words of MacDiarmid’s poem (which I trust will not be thought sexist, since the idea is reversible): A’thihg wi’ which a man Can intromit’s a wumman, And can, and s’ud become As intimate and human. And Jean’s nae mair my wife Than whisky is at times, Or munelicht or a thistle Or kittle thochts or rhymes. He’s no’ a man ava’, And lacks a proper pride, Gin less that a’ the warld Can ser’ him for a bride! (1967) Perhaps this is the place to answer two related objections which have occurred to a reader of an earlier manuscript of this book, both of which stem from a different metaphysical position from the one defended here.
This ambivalence about reason is characteristic of existentialism, to which tendency of thought Macmurray can be seen as belonging. 1 One aspect of his existentialism is this simultaneous rejection of the head/heart dualism and partisanship of the heart within it, and I shall shortly make an immanent critique of his thought with a view to refuting paradigm 3 and defending paradigm 5. But with this warning, I pass to Macmurray’s excellent account of the place of reason in human emotional life. He defines reason as follows: reason is the capacity to behave in terms of the nature of the object, that is to say, to behave objectively.
Being and Worth (Critical Realism, Interventions) by Andrew Collier