By David Shotter
Historical past sees Augustus Caesar because the first emperor of Rome, whose method of ordered govt supplied an organization and solid foundation for the successive enlargement and prosperity of the Roman Empire over the following centuries. Hailed as restorer of the Republic' and considered through a few as a deity in his personal lifetime, Augustus grew to become an item of emulation for plenty of of his successors. This pamphlet experiences the facts so as to position Augustus firmly within the context of his personal instances. It explores the historical past to his staggering upward thrust to energy, his political and imperial reforms, and the production of the Respublica of Augustus and the legacy left to his successors. via reading the hopes and expectancies of his contemporaries and his personal own traits of statesmanship and unscrupulous ambition, Shotter unearths that the explanations for Augustus' good fortune lie partially within the complexity of the fellow himself, and partially within the specific nature of the days within which he lived.
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Extra resources for Augustus Caesar (Lancaster Pamphlets)
1) The significant differences between the two situations were the ‘curbs’, ‘curtailment’ and ‘repression’ of which Syme spoke in the case of Caesar, and the inducements which Tacitus implied in the case of Augustus. AUCTORITAS—AND PATRONAGE 41 Auctoritas, then, and patronage were the means by which compliance was achieved. On the face of things, Augustus’ greatest problem lay with the senate and the magistrates, as they would feel first the effects of any slide into open domination—just as they had with Caesar.
It was essential THE POWERS OF AUGUSTUS 29 therefore that, as leader of the Caesarian faction, Octavian should be able to channel the enthusiasm which he had engendered into the harder task of reconstituting the Republic. The mood of Rome in the wake of Actium is difficult to judge. Obviously, there will have been relief that the war was over and many, no doubt, will have been keen that the young Caesar should set about the task of restoring confidence. The resources which he had gained by his victory in Egypt could be put to positive purposes such as the rebuilding of Rome both physically and in terms of morale.
In other words, Octavian was not to be the new moderator of Cicero’s Republic. Rather, Cicero’s plan was a good deal more cynical and immediate in its application: the young Caesar, with all his political appeal, could be utilised as part of a perverse Republican cause to destroy Antony and his associates. The plan had the hallmarks of a resurrection of 22 THE DIVINE YOUTH Cato’s hopes in the late 50s of using Pompey to destroy Caesar, and then marginalising Pompey. Despite his youthfulness, Octavian was unlikely to have been taken in by this; however, the opportunity for an eighteen-yearold, who would normally have expected to have to wait another quarter of a century for the Republic’s highest office, was just too good to pass up.
Augustus Caesar (Lancaster Pamphlets) by David Shotter