By Pierre Kobel, Pranvera Këllezi, Bruce Kilpatrick
The e-book offers an research of the grocery retail marketplace in a truly huge variety of nations with a world record written via an economist. the second one a part of the publication deals the research of legal responsibility matters in terms of non-compliance with CSRs with a global document via a British barrister. either issues are very timely.
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Additional info for Antitrust in the Groceries Sector & Liability Issues in Relation to Corporate Social Responsibility
In the US, in 1972, the Supreme Court struck down as per se illegal under Section 1 of the Sherman Act a territorial restriction in a joint venture agreement among small to medium-size supermarkets. The stores had created a national private label brand called “Topco” for use on standard grocery products, and each joint venture member was given an exclusive license to sell Topco-branded products in a deﬁned service territory. At the time, decisions such as this one were important rules and occupied a signiﬁcant amount of time and attention among grocery and other retailers and their counsel, as well as enforcement agencies.
As farmers push for higher farm gate prices—sometimes through illegal collusion, sometimes through more violent expression of discontent—and put pressure on the downstream levels, there is a tendency for ﬁrms operating at the intermediate level, such as transformers or wholesalers, to push retailers to lower the intensity of competition among them through price monitoring so as to allow both the intermediaries and the retailers to absorb price increases called for by their supplies. For example, there have been cases in France of millers supporting, or even organizing, collusion among bakers so as to be able to increase the price of ﬂour in response to demands by farmers for a higher price for wheat.
In a substantial number of countries,33 the concern that food prices are high or higher than in neighboring countries or rising rapidly has been one of the important reasons for which national competition authorities have undertaken a market 33 Sweden, Belgium, Bulgaria, United Kingdom, Finland and Ukraine. 1 International Report 15 investigation of the grocery market. One can suspect that in some cases, public authorities or the media put pressure on the Competition Authority to do something about the high price of foodstuffs for consumers.
Antitrust in the Groceries Sector & Liability Issues in Relation to Corporate Social Responsibility by Pierre Kobel, Pranvera Këllezi, Bruce Kilpatrick