By Paul Josephson, Nicolai Dronin, Ruben Mnatsakanian, Aleh Cherp, Dmitry Efremenko, Vladislav Larin
The previous Soviet empire spanned 11 time zones and contained part the world's forests; titanic deposits of oil, gasoline, and coal; numerous ores; significant rivers similar to the Volga, Don, and Angara; and huge biodiversity. those assets and animals, in addition to the folk who lived within the former Soviet Union - Slavs, Armenians, Georgians, Azeris, Kazakhs and Tajiks, indigenous Nenets and Chukchi - have been threatened by way of environmental degradation and large toxins. This environmental heritage of the previous Soviet Union explores the impression that nation financial improvement courses had at the surroundings. The authors give some thought to the impression of Bolshevik ideology at the institution of an in depth method of nature preserves, the impression of Stalinist practices of industrialization and collectivization on nature, and the increase of public involvement less than Khrushchev and Brezhnev, and adjustments to guidelines and practices with the increase of Gorbachev and the break-up of the USSR.
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Additional info for An Environmental History of Russia (Studies in Environment and History)
See also Ol’ga Yur’evna Elina, Ot Tsarskikh Sadov do Sovetskikh Polei: Istoriia Sel’sko-Khoziaistvennykh Opytnykh Uchrezhdenii XVIII-20-e gody XX v. 2 vol. (Moscow: IIEiT RAN, 2008). 30 An Environmental History of Russia of the eighteenth century, he contributed to a widening schism between Old Believers and a more modern church that had joined forces with the autocracy. As a result, the Old Believers sought refuge in the northern forests of contemporary Arkhangelsk and Vologda provinces. 8 Peter the Great promulgated conservation measures that went beyond his own estates.
Petersburg, 1911). N. Shelgunov and V. Greve, Lesnaia Tekhnologiia (St. Petersburg, 1858); A. N. Popov, Lesnaia Tekhnologiia (St. Petersburg, 1871). For example, V. E. Bokov, Drevoobrabotyvaiushaia Promyshlennost’ v Permskoi Gubernoii (Perm, 1899); S. Iu. Rauner, Gornye Lesa Turkestana i Znachenie ikh dlia Vodnago Khoziaistva Kraia (St. Petersburg, 1901); Ivan Ozerov, K Voprosu o Nashikh Severnykh Lesakh (Moscow, 1911); and A. A. Strogii, O Lesakh Sibiri (St. Petersburg, 1911). From Imperial to Socialist Nature Preservation 37 was limited to support of extensive surveys and did not include efforts to transform empirical knowledge into silvicultural practices.
34 Beginning in the late eighteenth century, reformers, most of whom were urban-based intelligentsia, turned their attention to the fragility of agriculture – and increasingly to the evils of serfdom. They hoped to bring what they believed were modern agricultural practices based on scientific understandings of soil, crop rotation, and so on to the countryside. Commune members continually frustrated these reformers, who defined success by surplus and profit and creating a market. The outsiders wanted to increase the productivity of the soil to support the projects of the state.
An Environmental History of Russia (Studies in Environment and History) by Paul Josephson, Nicolai Dronin, Ruben Mnatsakanian, Aleh Cherp, Dmitry Efremenko, Vladislav Larin