Alluru S. Reddi's Absolute Nephrology Review: An Essential Q & A Study Guide PDF

By Alluru S. Reddi

ISBN-10: 3319229478

ISBN-13: 9783319229478

ISBN-10: 3319229486

ISBN-13: 9783319229485

Written in a succinct query and solution layout, this complete source covers all components of nephrology and customary scientific eventualities. approximately one thousand questions with precise solutions offer nephrology fellows, training nephrologists and clinicians a greater figuring out of nephrology and relief arrangements for nephrology and inner medication forums. Absolute Nephrology evaluate good points the most recent proof and guidance whereas pleasurable a severe desire in the nephrology community.

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Absolute Nephrology Review: An Essential Q & A Study Guide - download pdf or read online

Written in a succinct query and solution layout, this complete source covers all parts of nephrology and customary medical situations. approximately one thousand questions with designated solutions offer nephrology fellows, training nephrologists and clinicians a greater realizing of nephrology and relief arrangements for nephrology and inner medication forums.

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D. E. Hyperparathyroidism Pseudohypothyroidism Vitamin D deficiency Low Ca2+ intake Type 2 diabetes The answer is C Elevated PTH, 1,25(OH)2D3, and alkaline phosphatase levels are observed in hyperparathyroidism; however, hypercalcemia is frequently associated with this disease. Pseudohypoparathyroidism is characterized by elevated phosphate and PTH levels, normal 25(OH)D3 and reduced 1,25(OH)2D3 levels. Low Ca2+ intake does not cause hypocalcemia, as Ca2+ levels are maintained by bone resorption.

Which one of the urine osmolalities (mOsm/kg H2O) is consistent with her diagnosis? A B C D E Osmolality (mOsm) before dehydration 600 100 180 300 120 Osmolality (mOsm) after 12 h dehydration 1100 120 350 310 500 Osmolality (mOsm) after vasopressin 1080 360 500 314 520 The answer is B Based on the history and urine osmolality, the patient has central diabetes insipidus (CDI). Option B is consistent with CDI. Options A, C, D, and E are consistent with normal subject, partial CDI, nephrogenic DI, and psychogenic polydipsia, respectively.

Bartter syndrome with mutation in ROMK channel (type 2) Liddle syndrome Gitelman syndrome Hereditary mineralocorticoid excess syndrome Acquired mineralocorticoid excess syndrome The answer is C Based on the blood pressure, options B, D, and E can be excluded, as these disorders are characterized by hypertension. Type 2 Bartter syndrome and Gitelman syndrome are characterized by hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, and hypo- or normal blood pressure. Type 2 Bartter syndrome is usually present in neonates, whereas Gitelman syndrome occurs in adolescents.

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Absolute Nephrology Review: An Essential Q & A Study Guide by Alluru S. Reddi


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