A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies - download pdf or read online

By Leonard Nelson (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3319207822

ISBN-13: 9783319207827

ISBN-10: 3319207830

ISBN-13: 9783319207834

Presented as a Vorlesung within the German philosophical culture, this booklet provides the main unique account of Nelson’s approach to argument research, celebrated via many luminaries akin to Karl Popper. It used to be written in 1921 towards the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic traits of Nelson’s time. The e-book includes an exposition of a mode that may be a extra improvement of Kant’s transcendental dialectics, by means of an software to the serious research of arguments via many recognized thinkers, together with Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The ebook provides a normal concept of philosophical argumentation as visible from the perspective of the common fallacies devoted through anyone arguing philosophically, no matter if specialist philosophers or philosophical laypeople. even supposing the character of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is likely one of the such a lot recurrent items of mirrored image for philosophers, this publication represents the 1st try out at a normal idea of philosophical fallacy. in keeping with Nelson, it really is within the form of fake dilemmas that mistakes in reasoning consistently emerge, and fake dilemmas are regularly the results of an identical mechanism--the unwitting substitute of 1 notion for another.

Show description

Read or Download A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies PDF

Best theory books

Read e-book online Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2007: 11th PDF

The idea that of solid as desktop Aided structures concept used to be brought through F. Pichler within the overdue Eighties to surround computer-theoretical and functional advancements as instruments for problem-solving in process technology. It was once considered the 3rd of 3 parts (the different being CAD and CAM) that jointly offer an entire photo of the trail from desktop and structures sciences to sensible advancements in technological know-how and engineering.

Download e-book for kindle: i-Smooth Analysis: Theory and Applications by Arkadii V. Kim

The version introduces a brand new category of invariant derivatives  and exhibits their relationships with different derivatives, akin to the Sobolev generalized spinoff and the generalized by-product of the distribution thought. it is a new course in arithmetic.   i-Smooth research is the department of useful research that considers the idea and purposes of the invariant derivatives of capabilities and functionals.

Get Group Theory of Chemical Elements: Structure and Properties PDF

During this monograph, group-theoretical methods are used to construct a method of hadrons and qualitatively describe the houses of chemical substances. This serves as a supplement to numerically and nearly resolve the many-electron Schrödinger equation, with the intention to comprehend the habit of chemical parts.

Extra info for A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies

Sample text

To say that pure logical thinking ‘is mediating’ means that the content of truth cannot be generated by the pure form of logical inference, albeit logical inference can indeed help establish what follows from this content as taken from somewhere else. Logical reasoning is in and of itself empty in the sense that it cannot create its own epistemic content. The insight that rational knowledge depends on something else is not so old. The error I have described did not only entirely pervade the medieval philosophy of the Schoolmen, but also the philosophical school which under the name of rationalism dominated the modern era up to the end of the eighteenth century.

Consistency and coherence of the system, albeit overwhelming to laypeople, are always the last thing and never the starting-point for the creator of the system, at least if we’re talking about an important philosopher. Things are quite the other way around—an important thinker will test the value of his principle by seeing whether its consequences are correct, and will prefer to be inconsistent than to relinquish a truth identified beforehand. There is no logical violence a philosopher would not be willing to inflict on his own system if the consistent elaboration of that system would lead him to a false result.

In my last lecture I addressed the error that consists in overestimating the value of logical reasoning as expressed by letting consistency be the sole criterion for judging a system of thought. The strict bounds of logical reasoning, dictated by its mediating character, are thereby neglected. To say that pure logical thinking ‘is mediating’ means that the content of truth cannot be generated by the pure form of logical inference, albeit logical inference can indeed help establish what follows from this content as taken from somewhere else.

Download PDF sample

A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies by Leonard Nelson (auth.)

by Christopher

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 45 votes