Download PDF by Walter Rüegg: A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3,

By Walter Rüegg

ISBN-10: 051123113X

ISBN-13: 9780511231131

ISBN-10: 0521361079

ISBN-13: 9780521361071

By way of concentrating on the liberty of medical examine, instructing and research, the medieval collage constitution was once modernized and enabled discoveries to turn into a certified, bureaucratically-regulated job of the collage. This opened the best way for the effective march of the typical sciences, and resulted in scholar movements--resulting within the collage being finally forged within the function of a fort of political fight in a world-wide struggle for freedom. additionally to be had: quantity 1: Universities within the center a while 0-521-36105-2 Hardback $140.00 C quantity 2: Universities in Early glossy Europe (1500-1800) 0-521-36106-0 Hardback $130.00 C

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Extra resources for A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, Universities the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800-1945) (A History of the University in Europe)

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Cousin, De l’instruction publique dans quelques pays de l’Allemagne, et particuli`erement en Prusse (Paris, 1832), 2 vols. Cf. Gerbod, Condition universitaire, 74–5. U. von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Reden und Vortrage, 3rd edn (Berlin, 1913), 107. 8 Themes power through the monopoly for awarding diplomas and degrees that allowed access to the professions. On the other hand, his personal prestige depended increasingly on the collective prestige of his professional or scientific specialization. In France, the polytechnicien, the normalien and graduates of other grandes e´ coles referred to themselves by their school, taking advantage of its reputation.

Of course, the royal cabinet had firmed up a plan in 1801 to create a ‘Higher institute of learning in conjunction with the Academy of Sciences’ (Allgemeine Lehranstalt in Berlin in Verbindung mit der Akademie der Wissenschaften). So when the King returned to this plan after the loss of Halle in 1806, authoritative experts – among them the physician Hufeland (a regular member of the Academy since 1800) – were very negative about the scientific level of the Academy of Sciences. They stated that it was only a kind of L´egion d’honneur that satisfied the vanity of its members, a meeting-place for learned veterans, a corpus mysticum et mortuum.

Die Koniglich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin im Kaiserreich (Berlin, 1999), 73–4. ) According to C. Grau, ‘Profildifferenzen und Profildifferenzierung der Preussischen Akademie und anderer deutscher WissenschaftlerGemeinschaften im 19. Jahrhundert’, in Kocka et al. ), Preussische Akademie, 48, ¨ the Gesellschaft deutscher Naturforscher und Arzte, which was divided into seven sections in 1828, numbered 41 in 1894. The Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, founded in 1821, was one of the first specialized societies in the field of the natural sciences; cf.

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A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, Universities the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800-1945) (A History of the University in Europe) by Walter Rüegg

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